Georgia celebrates 30th anniversary of proclamation of independence

Georgia celebrates 30th anniversary of proclamation of independence

On April 9, Georgian President Salome Zurabishvili made a speech in the parliament “On the State of the Country”. This year, the head of state timed her report to around date: exactly 30 years ago, on April 9, 1991, the Supreme Council of the republic, at the suggestion of the country’s first president, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, proclaimed the independence of Georgia on the basis of the Independence Act of May 26, 1918.

President Gamsakhurdia then emphasized that he had decided to declare independence on April 9, as a sign of respect for the memory of the participants in the rally for independence on April 9, 1989. Then in clashes with units of the internal troops of the USSR and the Soviet army, 21 people died, 18 of whom were women. The official cause of death for women was asphyxiation.

Thirty years after the declaration of independence, Georgia is facing serious problems. President Zurabishvili spoke about some of them in her report. She called on her compatriots to end political strife and rally to combat the “external threat”, as well as to overcome the challenge of the coronavirus pandemic.

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At the same time, the head of state came up with an important initiative for Georgia on relations with Ukraine. According to her, at a time when “the Ukrainian people continue to fight for independence,” she recommends that the government “return to Kiev the Georgian ambassador,” who was recalled a year ago due to the constant interference in the internal affairs of Georgia by the former president of the country, Mikhail Saakashvili.

Saakashvili lost his Georgian citizenship in 2015, having acquired Ukrainian citizenship.