Unification of Germany would have been impossible without Moscow’s participation, said German Ambassador to Russia Geza Andreas von Geir at the opening of the exhibition in Moscow.
“We, Germans, know well that we owe the unification of Germany to Moscow as well. It would not have been possible in 1990 without Moscow’s participation,” he said.
On Saturday Germany celebrates its 30th national holiday – the Day of German Unity. At midnight on October 3, 1990, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) ceased to exist. According to the Treaty of Unification of Germany of August 31, 1990, the territory of the former socialist republic was incorporated into the FRG, and the effect of the West German Basic Law was extended to the new federal states: Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia.
On September 12, 1990, in Moscow, the Foreign Ministers of Germany, the GDR, the USSR, the USA, France, and Great Britain signed the “Treaty of Final Settlement with regard to Germany” (the “Two plus four” Treaty), which guaranteed sovereignty to the future German state. Historically, controversial issues were quickly agreed upon, among other things, due to the pliability of the Soviet leadership.