The first case of human infection with HIV occurred during the First World War, this opinion was expressed by a Canadian scientist, Professor Jacques Pepin from the University of Sherbrooke. This is reported by the Daily Mail.
The researcher has put forward a hypothesis according to which the man first became infected with HIV in 1916 in the southeast of Cameroon, near Molundu, while hunting monkeys. The scientist suggests that patient zero was a French, Belgian, or British soldier fighting against German troops in Cameroon, then a German colony.
World’s first patient found who could beat HIV without therapy
This soldier returned after the war to Leopoldville (now Kinshasa. – Ed.) in the Belgian Congo (now the Democratic Republic of Congo. – Ed.) and spread the disease, which by the early 50s had become a carrier of about five hundred people, Pepin believes.
The main reason for the spread of HIV infection, according to the professor, was the repeated use of needles in hospitals due to the general shortage of medicines. The scientist notes that from Leopoldville, HIV spread throughout the Congo and then crossed the border when a Haitian who visited the country contracted the virus.
Patients who have been cured of HIV
To date, three patients are known to have been cured of HIV. Two of them had a bone marrow transplant while being treated for cancer, while the other underwent an aggressive combination of antiretroviral drugs combined with nicotinamide.
American Timothy Ray Brown, the first man to be cured of HIV 13 years ago, died last September after relapsing from cancer. In March 2020, medics confirmed the second case of a cure for HIV. The media reported that the cured “London patient” was 40-year-old Adam Castillejo, a native of Venezuela. He had been suffering from HIV since 2003 and was diagnosed with malignant Hodgkin’s lymphoma in 2012. He, like Brown, underwent a donor bone marrow transplant.
HIV infection is a slowly progressing infectious disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By multiplying, HIV infects immune system cells, CD4+ T-lymphocytes. As HIV multiplies, the number of CD4+ T-lymphocytes gradually decreases. HIV infection affects a person’s defense system and makes him or her more susceptible to other infectious diseases and tumors.
AIDS – acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a severe condition that develops in a person against the background of severe immunodeficiency caused by a long-term course of HIV infection.
In 2019, the global number of people living with HIV was 38 million. Of these, about 36.2 million were adults and 1.8 million were children under the age of 14. At the same time, the rate of new HIV infections among adults is estimated to have decreased by 23% compared to 2010.