Members of the UN Security Council did not recognize the U.S. demand to restore sanctions against Iran under Resolution 2231, the vast majority of countries believe that Washington is not entitled to such a move.
Last week, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo filed a complaint with the Chairman of the Security Council against Iran’s failure to comply with the provisions of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s Nuclear Program (JCPOA) to launch a procedure for restoring anti-Iranian sanctions under Resolution 2231.
Representatives of Moscow requested a meeting to discuss this situation. Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said that the U.S. plans to restore sanctions are absurd and have neither a political nor a legal basis. In Smolensk Square, the international community called on Washington to resist the issue.
France, Germany, the United Kingdom, China, and South Africa, among others, have also explicitly stated that the United States cannot act in this way, as it withdrew from the JCPOA in 2018 and are not parties to the deal.
“We believe that we must address the problems arising from Iran’s systematic non-compliance with its obligations under the JCPOA through dialogue among all remaining members of the agreement,” said Anna Gegen, France’s deputy ambassador to the UN.
At the same time, she stressed that Paris was gravely concerned about the regional security implications of the end of the conventional arms embargo to Iran on 18 October.
Germany’s deputy chairman, Gunther Sauter, noted that the so-called Washington notification from a legal point of view has no effect.
Resolution 2231, adopted in 2015, contains a mechanism for the automatic resumption of UN sanctions against Tehran if it does not comply with its obligations under the JCPOA. It is designed for ten years. According to the document, in case of violations, Iran will be able to avoid sanctions only after the adoption of the relevant Security Council resolution. If at least one of its permanent members opposed, the restrictions would automatically be renewed within 30 days.
In July 2015, Tehran and the “Six” of international negotiators reached a historic agreement on the settlement of the long-standing problem of the Iranian atom. The protracted negotiations culminated in the adoption of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the implementation of which will completely remove from Iran the economic and financial sanctions imposed earlier by the Security Council, the United States, and the European Union.
The agreement, in particular, stipulated that the arms embargo would be lifted within five years, arms supplies are possible earlier, but only with the permission of the organization. The deal did not live in its original form for three years: in May 2018, the United States announced a unilateral withdrawal from it and the restoration of tough sanctions against Tehran.