The information about the forthcoming construction of the newest Russian ground-based radar Yakhroma in Chukotka was met with interest in the West. Some compared its appearance to “an elephant in a china shop” and even predicted the range of the radar, explaining the feasibility of building the facility in this area.
Western users of the Net noted that Russia, huge in its area, has no such radar in this direction to warn of a possible U.S. ICBM strike. So they are not surprised that the Russians decided to “close the hole.”
They estimate that the Yakhroma radar will be able to cover half of Canada and reach the state of California in the US with its sensitive instruments. In addition, it will be able to monitor the unimaginably huge space, backing up the other radars in the SPRN. It will “see” from the Svalbard Archipelago and Greenland to the largest Japanese island of Honshu and the entire North Pacific.
Note that in December 2020, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu announced the start of work on the construction of the Yakhroma radar station in Sevastopol in 2021. Earlier, in 2019, the newspaper Izvestia reported that according to the Russian military it was planned to place the Voronezh radar in the Nakhimovsky district of Sevastopol so that “the folds of the terrain would not interfere with its operation.”
In January 2021, a source from the Russian military-industrial complex told TASS news agency that construction of the Yakhroma radar station near the Chukchi Sea will begin this year. It is planned to be completed by 2030. It will become fully autonomous and will be able to operate for a long time without a permanent personnel presence.
The interlocutor said that the Yakhroma radar station has no counterparts in the world. It will be able to work in four bands (meter, centimeter, decimeter, and millimeter). Its view will be 270 degrees.
Please note that the early warning radars of Russia consist of two levels: the space-based (orbital constellation of satellites) and ground-based (a network of seven radars of “Voronezh” type and two radars that are under construction). The system’s tasks are to detect, warn and escort ballistic missiles launched at the territory of Russia and its allies.